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Self-proclaimed Bitcoin creator Craig S. Wright won the legal case for £1



Self-proclaimed Bitcoin creator Craig S. Wright won the legal case for £1. Now, a former Bitcoin user and now self-proclaimed Bitcoin creator, Craig S. Wright, has been awarded a legal claim against Peter McMcormack in damages. Wright brought the case against the Peter McMcormack accused Wright of fraud and a moron. Today, the court ruled in Wright’s favor. The case eventually concluded below:

The judge said that Wright had pushed “a deliberately false case” with “deliberately false evidence” and would therefore only receive a nominal £1 sum.

What is the legal background to Craig Wright, self-proclaimed Bitcoin creator?

On 26 February 2017, Craig Wright, an Australian computer scientist, and businessman. He has been self-proclaimed Satoshi Nakamoto since 2015. 

The Dave Kleiman Case

In February 2018, the estate of Dave Kleiman initiated a lawsuit against Wright in Florida and accused Wright defrauded Kleiman, a business partner, of Bitcoin intellectual property rights and with damages of $5.2B compensation. The case eventually concluded that Wright would pay Dave Kleiman Estate 100M, and he would grant the title of “Satoshi Nakamoto”.

Bitcoin and blockchain

On 23 November 2017, the New York Times published a profile of Craig Wright in which he was described as an “entrepreneur and Bitcoin visionary.” The article discussed how in the early 2000s, when he was an investment advisor at a brokerage firm based in New York, he became interested in digital currencies such as Bitcoin and started to trade them in his spare time. In the article, it was also mentioned that he met Varun Gupta, the co-founder of Bitfinex, in a Las Vegas hotel room in 2013, where they discussed ideas and plans for their exchange. But they were unaware that they were going to be sued by former employees of Bitfinex, a firm that had been established in 2011.

Self-described Bitcoin creator vindicated by court order

On 7 March 2018, the court ruled in favor of Craig Wright, the former employee of Bitfinex who had been found guilty of money laundering and insider trading. The ruling affirmed that Wright was actually the true owner of the assets of Bitfinex, and that the assets had been frozen following the company’s acquisition by Bitcoin in 2017. Wright’s lawyers said that he could not access the funds associated with his Bitcoin account and that he could not withdraw funds from it. But the court ruling also said that the funds could be withdrawn from a bank account in India, where his parents lived.

Anyone cares if Wright is Satoshi

No one cares who Satoshi is, but Bitcoin empowers everyone to become Satoshi. So people will remember the Satoshi spirit who is anonymously to create something that impacts the world rather than the title to claim as a creator of Bitcoin.


The decision by the New York Times to report on Craig Wright as an “entrepreneur and Bitcoin visionary” served as the basis for his successful defamation lawsuit against the firms that had been his employers at the time of his arrest. A divided court could have easily denied the defamation claim, ruling that a person cannot be held responsible for what others have said. But the court ruling in favor of Craig Wright was important, as it validated his reputation as an entrepreneur who had made significant contributions to the blockchain and cryptocurrency market. Still, it would be remiss if we didn’t do the bare minimum to recognize Craig Wright’s contribution to the field of blockchain and cryptocurrency over the past few years. In addition to his role as a co-founder of Bitwise, the founder of Cryptonote and the creator of several decentralized apps, there is little that we can do to recognize his role in the development of the blockchain and cryptocurrency space. We can only acknowledge that he is one of the most important members of the field and that his contributions will be greatly appreciated.

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Crypto Research

The Future of Machine War II



In late 2021, I wrote an article about A.I. vs. Blockchain. I realized it was closer than I expected.

Web2 is leading a future of technological centralism. 

The way we see the world in ancient is what we saw became what we believed. Later, the enlightenment process helped humans realize what they had seen was disguised by the nature principle. Once we tested our assumption and received accurate results, we thought we had mastered the nature principles. Yet, we did not make the world better than we thought we could. 

We are living in a world in which companies know more than you than yourself. Companies can likely tell you what you should believe without letting you know. 

The secret weapon that companies like Google invented is A.I. or Artificial Intelligence. 

If A.I. can think like a person, it can easily replace you! Since companies got all your data, you freely offer them by using their free services, and they can replace you one day without you realizing it. 

Without all conspiracy theories behind what Google may or will secretly develop, A.I. reaching consciousness is … impossible.

If it does, Google has successfully made a human – dumb!

The most advanced A.I. – Tesla Autopilot Program cannot distinguish objects between humans and other moving objects during driving.  

Using technology makes people dumber than they think because it takes away your consciousness – the ability to think uniquely!

Blockchain is the future of decentralization.

We need a peer-to-peer system to regain consciousness and break the chain from Web2. 

It gives individuals the power to rethink information.

Think about today’s media; all information is filtered to offer readers without any surprise. News is data that Web2 selected specifically for you to read. 

We need a decentralized system so that you can receive unfiltered information and gives you a surprise that sparks ideas of imagination.  

Web2 is afraid of the blockchain because they are too big to fail. 

 They mimic the blockchain by creating a centralized node system – social media network. 

It is a net growing outward through a single point. Only the problem is that connection is facilitated by technology. And the biggest failure is such technology has a single point of failure problem. 

And they cannot escape the law of economics – the law of diminishing. So we will see Web2 grow slower due to the law of diminishing that they require more data with few increments of advancement through A.I. without any breakthrough because A.I. is a deterministic system that works with a lack of randomness. 

In Web2, they assumed everyone was stupid, and they offered solutions to everyone.

In Web3, everyone is good and should anticipate solving a problem together.

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Crypto Research

Financial sanction to mixers



Have you heard about financial sanctions from the US on virtual currency? At least, I have not yet. But the US Department of Treasury has issued sanctions on two crypto services: and Tornado Cash.

To clarify, the US sanctions on tools but not target specific entities or groups of people.

So why bother to sanction something that the government probably won’t be able to sanction in the first place?

What is a mixer?

A cryptocurrency mixer, sometimes referred to as a tumbler, is a tool for money laundering. The sole purpose of the invention is to make transactions untraceable.

How to mix?

Even crypto is pseudo-anonymous, but it is traceable through your wallet address. A mixer is a black box service to filter your traceable wallet address into the untraceable wallet address.

How to wash your money clean in the traditional way?

The assumption is you will not get caught at each stage, and then you place your dirty money in a bank through companies and use the funds to purchase legal goods like houses or luxury goods.

There are mature regulations and rules to stop you from putting your dirty money into banks.

Digtial money landury

A Crypto mixer or tumbler is a service to pool dirty digital currency in their favor and redistribute it into designated wallet addresses or addresses randomly generated. 

It is a challenge to stop transactions because there is no entry point for law enforcement to stop at each stage.

Ultimate Mixer

Tornado Cash is the king of the mixer. Unfortunately, there is just no way to trace transactions anymore. It is a smart contract with zk-SNARKs (zero-knowledge proofs) that does not require revealing a wallet address during transactions and ghostly distributed funds without leaving any traces.

This tool is the ultimate weapon that the government has to shut down, or there is no way to prevent transactions.

In Conclusion

Let’s change the future – legally. 

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Crypto Research

Why there is not crypto banking exist



We have always heard about cryptocurrencies, crypto exchange, banking, and trading platforms, but we do not really grasp the idea of crypto banking. Crypto banking is a contradicted idea. If crypto is to replace banks and give users full control of digital money, why do you put your crypto into the bank? The new research paper argued that there are risks for banks to adopt crypto, but they did it anyway.

Banks want crypto

Cryptocurrency has a rough road at the beginning and continues to experience a bumpy road ahead. The institutional investors were watching its performance. In early 2017, institutional investors had opportunities to adopt crypto, but they found out the return of the investments was less than traditional financial assets. Regulations were not a concern for some individual institutional owners, but banks were conservative at the time. As a result, some investors adopted it in early 2018 than banks did. Then suddenly, the crypto market took off in 2020, leaving many banks to regret their decision in 2017. Many banks set up their digital investment group to rush into the market and increase prices. Of course, many of their investment positions are instead of shadow positions. It is unclear how much they have been invested in and what vehicles they took to invest in cryptos.

Crypto Exchange

Crypto exchange is a bank-like platform for crypto. Banks offered a place to purchase fiat currency. Crypto exchange did the same duty as traditional banks did. Since there was a gap between the crypto and banks, the crypto exchange took responsibility and offered crypto services. The crypto exchange took off after 2020, and they left banks in the dust. Then, crypto winter came in early 2022, and banks again hesitated to enter the crypto and started denouncing crypto usage, particularly in the Defi area. But interestingly, they tried to find ways to get into crypto without being directly exposed to cryptocurrencies—hint: through hedge funds.

How much banks exposure to crypto

We do not know how much banks have been exposed to crypto. We learned that the big Wall Street players were exposed to the services of the digital asset through State Street of their $41.7 trillion assets. Some have been exposed due to Luna’s collapse and 3AC bankruptcy. But again, no specific dollar amount was provided. 


Since the crypto winter, institutional investors have been cautious about crypto exposure. However, crypto exchanges are the winner again. They are exposed to crypto and take risks more than banks do. As a result, they likely will weather the uncertainty. Furthermore, there is no need for crypto banking to handle your crypto assets since many such services will not survive long in the crypto environment. 

Crypto is resilience

Despite its fluctuating price and unsecured assets, crypto is resilient to phase out any bad business ideas and bad actors in the economy who wants to or try to dominate the market but who transfers risks to users to believe they are the one who should take responsibility for their carelessness. Unfortunately, those business models will not survive long.

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